The reason for their occurrence are closed and open mechanical damage , acute purulent inflammation localized around the bone , which predisposes to a metabolic disorder caused by vitamin and mineral deficiency. Any treatment appointed veterinarian includes rest, cold , dry , pressure bandage , intraosseous administration of drugs , surgery , etc. fractures Fractures — partial or total disruption of the integrity of the bone that can occur on the basis of changes in bone (at osteodystrophy ) , and as a result of injury (fall , injury , etc.). Injuries of this kind are divided into open and closed ( in violation of the skin ) , complete and incomplete (cracking, fissuring , etc.), multiple ( a few bones ) , in the direction of fracture lines ( transverse and longitudinal ) , localization ( epiphyseal etc. ) . The main symptoms are bone fracture appearance of swelling , deformity , impaired function , mobility for bone , bone crepitus , pain.
In small ruminants favorable prognosis observed in fractures of the phalanges , metacarpal and plyustevoy bones and iliac and ischial tuberosity . When complete femur , tibia and humerus bones of animals culled . First aid is to create peace of injured individuals , stop bleeding , applying the immobilizing bandages.
In closed fractures using locking immobilizing bandage ( bus or plaster ) providing stillness and quiet damaged site for pain , prevent the development of shock and infection. Bus bandage (Fig. 22) is applied temporarily ( in an emergency ) or for long-term treatment with the use of improvised tire of cardboard, plywood , wooden plates , rods, aluminum and tin bars and wire mesh.
Fig . 22.