For the treatment of scar initially washed gavage (10-50 liters of water) not later than 24 hours later injected into the scar solution of alkali ( sodium hydroxide — 60 g/15 liters of water) , the contents of the rumen of healthy individuals , symptomatic medications (vitamins , heart means). Cattle diet should contain at least 14-20 % roughage , not more than 40 % of the total concentrate nutritious diet that prevent the development of scar alkalosis . For the prevention of animal diseases can be given enzyme preparations , such matserobatsillin . rumen tympany Tympany , or abdominal scar — excessive stretching of the walls of the scar caused by the rapid formation of gas after eating legkobrodyaschih forages ( alfalfa, clover , vetch , corn in the milk-wax maturity , the leaves of cabbage and beets ) and at low water . Can also be with occlusion of the esophagus, acute infectious diseases, poisoning poisonous plants , traumatic reticulo , plugging books , liver disease , etc. More often observed in adult animals in the pasture and is endemic, and lambs and goats — in the transition from milk ration on the vegetation .
In acute disease the clinical symptoms develop within 1 h : the animal refuses to feed , looks back on his stomach, tail fanning herself , and often falls immediately gets up , beats the pelvic limbs in the stomach , sometimes groans . Volume increased belly , bulging left hungry fossa ( the upper portion of the iliac region of the abdominal wall , usually hollow ) . In the future , with the increasing swellings appear cyanosis ( blueness ) mucous membranes, strong filling veins , breathing with an open oral language loss . In chronic bloat abdominal scar observed periodically (in violation of receiving food) , with noticeable symptoms weaker.